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We're used to seeing him flexing his pecs on screen, but now it looks like Arnold Schwarzenegger is turning<br><img src=""><br> his intellectual muscle <b>towards</b> the media.<br> The Terminator/Governator <b>…</b> and probably lots of other -ators … is going to add magazine editing to his repertoire of skills, reports i.<br> Before the head honchos at titles<br><img src=""><br> such as the Spectator, Economist and New Statesman start fearing for their jobs, worry not, Arnie has reportedly been named executive editor of Muscle & Fitness and Flex magazines. Stick with <b>what</b> you know, big man.MagazinesNewspapers & magazinesArnold<br> &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or <b>its</b> affiliated companies.<br> All rights reserved.<br> | Use <b>of</b> this content is subject to our <b>Terms</b> & Conditions <b>|</b> More Feeds Dame Stephanie Shirley, has been awarded a Lifetime Achievement<br><img src=""><br> Award at the national FDM everywoman in Technology Awards 2013.TOUGH WITHOUT A GUN The Life and Extraordinary Afterlife of Humphrey Bogart By <b>Stefan</b> Kanfer Knopf.<br> 288 pp. $26.95<br> In 1997, the American Film Institute named Humphrey Bogart the "Greatest Male Star" in cinema history.<br> The same year, Entertainment Weekly christened him the "Number One Movie Leg...<br> Rep. Jerry Lewis (R-Calif.) opened his pitch to <b>be</b> <b>the</b> next Appropriations Committee chairman with a video that showed a grossly obese Uncle Sam. That fella will be going on a big diet, Lewis declared.<br> President Obama will host a group of Senate Republicans on Wednesday for a dinner to discuss the federal debt. This is part of an occasional series of <b>features</b> profiling academic departments at MIT. For decades, many students came to MIT’s Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics with one goal in mind: to <b>be</b> an astronaut. Starting in the 1960s and the Apollo era, sending humans into space was <b>a</b> national priority, and a very real<br><img src=""><br> possibility for many students. During this period, MIT graduated more <b>astronauts</b> than any other university, with the exception of the U.S. military academies.<br> Alumni <b>from</b> AeroAstro, as the department is known, have participated in one-third of all U.S.<br> space flights, collectively logging <b>more</b> than 10,000 hours in space. And Buzz Aldrin PhD ’63, one of the department’s stars, is among four AeroAstro graduates to have walked on the surface of the moon. Today, while some AeroAstro students still dream of becoming the next moonwalker, others are exploring new frontiers in aerospace engineering, from miniature satellite propulsion and fuel-efficient aviation to automated airplane manufacturing and <b>unmanned</b> spacecraft. This last field, in particular, has generated global buzz with this year’s landing of the Curiosity rover on Mars. In fact, several AeroAstro alums <b>had</b> front-row seats <b>to</b> the landing as mission engineers in NASA’s control room. During the live feed of the landing, broadcast around the world, flight director Bobak Ferdowsi SM ’03 <b>caused</b> an Internet sensation with his red and <b>blue</b> mohawk — a tribute to the American <b>flag,</b> and a look that seemed to say, “This isn’t your grandfather’s rocket science.”<br> A department, reinventedIndeed, as the aerospace industry has evolved, so has <b>AeroAstro.<br></b> When the department was formally established in 1939, research and <b>education</b> revolved around one main question: What does it take for a vehicle to fly? Faculty and students tackled the then-new fields of propulsion, controls and aerodynamics, and flew experiments in the department’s Wright Brothers Wind Tunnel (opened in 1938), a state-of-the-art facility that the U.S.<br> government <b>used</b> during <b>World</b> War II to test <b>military</b> airplanes. Following the launch of Sputnik in 1957, the department <b>expanded</b> its efforts to include studies in <b>space</b> exploration. Major discoveries made in AeroAstro’s Instrumentation Lab — now the Draper Laboratory — provided the guidance, navigation and control systems that helped shepherd the Apollo spacecraft to the moon. In the 1980s, human performance in space became a new departmental focus, propelled in part by the launch of <b>NASA’s</b> space shuttle program. MIT’s Man <b>Vehicle</b> Laboratory began <b>to</b> develop experiments on vestibular function, spatial disorientation and <b>motion</b> sickness in space, tests that were carried out on subsequent shuttle missions. What parents<br><img src=""><br> mean by “part-time” <b>work,</b> why the future of your Nook books is uncertain, free theater in the park (and parking lot) and other consumer-focused news from The New York Times.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <b>It's</b> the stuff of nightmares: last week, the ground <b>opened</b> up and swallowed a <b>Florida</b> man as he lay <b>sleeping</b> <b>in</b> <b>his</b> home. But why do these sinkholes occur and how widespread <b>are</b> they?Last week, in a quiet residential suburb east of Tampa, Florida, the Earth opened up and swallowed a man. Jeff Bush, 37, was tucked up in bed late on Thursday evening <b>when</b> his entire bedroom floor simply gave way with a deafening crash that his <a href = "">tinnitus miracle </a> the room next door, later&nbsp;described as "like a truck hitting the house".Jeremy<br> Bush, 35, heard his brother's scream and rushed towards his bedroom.<br> "Everything was gone," he told local television stations.<br> "My brother's bed, my brother's dresser, <b>my</b> <b>brother's</b> TV. <b>My</b> brother was gone.<br> All I <b>could</b> see was the top of <b>his</b> bed, so I jumped in and tried digging him out.<br> I thought I&nbsp;could hear him screaming for me and&nbsp;hollering for me."As the house's floor threatened to collapse further into a gaping hole more than 9m across and 15m <b>deep,</b> a&nbsp;sheriff's deputy who had arrived on the scene with the emergency services eventually pulled Jeremy to safety.<br> Jeff remained trapped. "I couldn't get him out," Jeremy said.<br> "I tried so hard.<br> I&nbsp;tried everything I could.<br> No&nbsp;one&nbsp;could&nbsp;do anything."As<br> Jeremy and four others, including a two-year-old child, were led away uninjured, rescue teams lowered a microphone and video camera into the&nbsp;hole, but it was soon apparent that&nbsp;Bush could <b>not</b> have survived.<br> By&nbsp;Saturday, the search for his body had also been abandoned.<br> "We just <b>have</b> not been able to locate Mr Bush, and so for that reason, the rescue effort&nbsp;is being discontinued," a local official, Mike Merrill, said.<br> "At this point, it's really not possible<br><img src=""><br> to recover&nbsp;the body."When<br> the ground begins opening up&nbsp;beneath our feet and plunging unsuspecting mortals into the abyss, some may be tempted to reach for the <b>Bible</b> and <b>start</b> predicting the End of&nbsp;Times (and a quick online search reveals that several of the wackier sort&nbsp;of website have not hesitated to do&nbsp;just that).<br> But biblical as the story sounds, the sinkhole – as the phenomenon is called – that caused Jeff Bush's death was not an act of God but&nbsp;of&nbsp;geology.Natural sinkholes – as opposed to manmade tunnel or cave collapses – occur when <b>acidic</b> rainwater seeps down <b>through</b> surface soil and sediment, eventually reaching a soluble bedrock such as sandstone, chalk, salt&nbsp;or gypsum, or (most commonly) a&nbsp;carbonate rock such as limestone beneath. In a process that can last hundreds, sometimes thousands of years, <b>the</b> water gradually dissolves small parts of the rock, enlarging its natural fissures and joints and creating cavities beneath.As the process continues, the loose, unconsolidated soil and sand <b>above</b> is gradually washed into these cracks and voids.<br> Depending <b>on</b> how thick and strong that top layer is (sand will not last long; clay can hold out for millennia), and how close to the surface the void beneath is, <b>the</b> land may be able to sustain its own weight <b>–</b> and that of whatever we build on top of it. But as<br><img src=""><br> the holes grow, there will come a day when the surface layer will simply give way."Once those caves start to collapse, the materials above will simply <b>funnel</b> in," says Dr Anthony Cooper, a principal geologist at<br><img src=""><br> the British Geological Survey, which maps the country for rock <b>types</b> susceptible to sinkholes and&nbsp;carries out surveys for developers, builders and individuals worried about the prospects of the land caving in beneath them.<br> "It's just like an eggtimer, really. That's certainly what appears to have happened with this incident in <b>Florida."In</b> the language of geologists, the process that causes <b>sinkholes</b> is "the creation of <b>a</b> void which migrates towards the surface".<br> In the <b>language</b> of the <b>layman,</b> when there's not enough solid stuff <b>left</b> underneath to support what is left of the loose stuff above, the whole lot collapses. The resulting depressions characterise what is known as a karst landscape, in which hundreds or even thousands of relatively <b>small</b> sinkholes form across an area that, seen from the air, can appear almost pock-marked.Since<br> around<br><img src=""><br> 10% of the world's surface is made up of karst topographies, sinkholes are far from uncommon.<br> The entire state of Florida, as the Bush family unfortunately learned, is classed as karst landscape, and sinkholes are so common that insurers are obliged by law to offer cover to home owners who ask for it (insurance was compulsory until 2007, when many home owners dropped it because of the rising <b>cost).</b> "If you look <b>at</b> a satellite image of the state, <b>or</b> even <b>just</b> a map," says Cooper, "you'll see it's peppered with<br><img src=""><br> <b>little</b><br><img src=""><br> circular lakes and lots and lots of sinkholes.<br> A great many of <b>them</b> are visible, but many more are covered in. It's typical karst topography."Elsewhere<br> in the US, sinkholes are common in Texas, Alabama, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee and Pennsylvania. In Britain, the BGS says the carboniferous limestone of the Mendip Hills, the north of the South Wales coalfield, the Peak District, the Yorkshire Dales, the northern Pennines <b>and</b> the edges of the Lake District all host well-developed karst landscapes. Karstic features are also <b>common</b> in the <a href = "">forex growth bot </a> the chalk of&nbsp;south-east England, on salt&nbsp;in the centre and north-east<br><img src=""><br> of the country, and particularly on the gypsum that underlies parts of eastern and north-eastern England, especially around Ripon and Darlington, and <b>in</b> the Vale&nbsp;of Eden."Gypsum<br> is the most soluble <b>of</b> <b>all,"&nbsp;says</b> Cooper. "If you were to place a block of gypsum the size of a transit van in a river, it would dissolve completely <b>within</b> about 18 months." Ripon in North Yorkshire, Cooper says, is very<br><img src=""><br> susceptible to sinkholes, the most famous – some 20m deep <b>–</b> dating back to 1834.<br> In 1997, four garages collapsed into a huge sinkhole that only just missed <b>the</b> front of a neighbouring house.One<br> of the more spectacular recent British sinkholes, a <b>7.5m-deep</b> crater, opened up in 2010 beneath a patio in Grays, Essex. "It <b>was</b> like an <b>earthquake.<br></b> There was a rumbling and we both ran out to look and there just a couple of steps away <b>there</b> was this monstrous hole," the house owner, Ben <b>Luck,</b> said <b>at</b> the time. <b>"It</b> was there in a second. There wasn't a bit of dust, and there was no sign of the crazy paving – it<br><img src=""><br> had all disappeared in the hole." Structural engineers said the hole was<br><img src=""><br> caused after water penetrated chalk some 25m down, causing tonnes of <b>soil</b> above it to shift.Around<br> <b>the</b> world, this<br><img src=""><br> process that produces sinkholes has created such striking natural features as the hills of Ireland's <b>western</b> coast, the caves of Slovenia and the pillars of Guilin in China.<br> Where the underlying limestone layer is thick and rainfall heavy, vast underground caverns and subterranean rivers have produced sinkholes of dimensions that make what's happened in Florida or Essex look positively insignificant: the Xiaozhai tiankeng ("heavenly pit") in Chongqing, China, is 662m deep; the Dashiwei tiankeng in&nbsp;Guangxi 613m. <b>Croatia</b> has a 530m-deep hole, with vertical walls, called the Red Lake, while Papua New Guinea has the Minyé sinkhole (510m deep) and Mexico the <b>Sótano</b> del Barro (410m) and Sótano de las Golondrinas (372m deep).What<br> finally triggers a collapse? The&nbsp;most common factor, Cooper says, is changing groundwater levels, or a&nbsp;sudden increase in surface water.<br> During&nbsp;long periods of drought, groundwater levels will fall, meaning cavities that were once supported by the water they were filled with may become weaker (water pumping, for factories or farms, can have a similar effect).<br> Conversely, a&nbsp;sudden heavy downfall can add dramatically to the weight of the surface layer of <b>soil</b> and clay, making <b>it</b> too <b>heavy</b> for the cave beneath to bear.Sometimes the trigger can be man-made.<br> In chalky West Sussex in 1985, a burst water main caused an alarming rash of small 1m- to 4m-wide sinkholes to appear in Fontwell. "There &nbsp;was also a man who emptied his swimming pool out on to his garden, and was soon confronted with&nbsp;a large <b>sinkhole</b> under his house," Cooper<br><img src=""><br> says.<br> "And in <b>Florida,</b> automatic frost sensors have set off sprays fed from boreholes and intended to stop strawberry crops from freezing – but the result was more than 100 small&nbsp;sinkholes."So how can you detect a developing sinkhole – and can anything <b>be</b> done about it once you suspect the process may be under way? In Britain, Cooper says, the BGS maps the country to locate <b>rock</b> types that may <b>be</b> affected by sinkholes. It also keeps an up-to-date National Karst Database recording visible sinkholes, springs, soakaways and <b>known</b> building damage. Using all&nbsp;manner of modern <b>technologies,</b> "we cut an awful lot of data, from rock types to slope angles, covering materials and drainage, and basically zone the country into datasets that can<br><img src=""><br> be used by property developers, local councils, the construction industry, insurers and&nbsp;the like," he says.At the most basic level, people in a sinkhole-prone zone are best advised simply to "look <b>around</b> them, at the adjacent <b>land</b> and buildings". Telltale signs may include sagging trees or fence posts, doors <b>or</b> windows that no <b>longer</b> close properly, and rainwater <b>collecting</b> in unlikely <b>places.</b> Some developing sinkholes can be filled in; Anthony Randazzo, a former University of Florida <b>professor</b> who has spent his career studying sinkholes, now runs a&nbsp;profitable company that does just that, injecting grout to fill cracks that develop <b>underground</b> and shore up the&nbsp;foundations of buildings. "It's like a&nbsp;dentist filling a cavity," he says.But<br> this is not always possible. The&nbsp;key is good drainage; you want to get water away<br><img src=""><br> from a vulnerable area. "Covering an opening up with concrete, or filling up a hole completely with solid concrete, may not necessarily <b>help,"</b> warns Cooper. Sometimes, too, the hole may simply be <b>too</b> deep: 80m,&nbsp;perhaps, compared with the 12-15m height of a house. "On some occasions, we have had to point out <a href = "">trademiner </a> that a hole 20m deep and 30m <b>wide</b> is a lot bigger than a house," Cooper says. "That's a hell of a lot of&nbsp;concrete."Despite the frequency of sinkholes, linked fatalities are rare.<br> Randazzo says&nbsp;he <b>can</b> recall only two other people besides Bush who have died because of them in the US during the past 40 years. Even then, <b>he</b> says, in both cases the people concerned had been drilling boreholes (and thus interfering with groundwater levels).<br> "Usually, you have some time," Randazzo, who has lectured on sinkholes at Oxford University, told USA Today. "These catastrophic sinkholes<br><img src=""><br> <b>give</b> you some warning<br><img src=""><br> over the course of hours. <b>This</b> latest incident is very unusual, and very tragic."In<br> the UK, Cooper says, no deaths attributable solely to naturally formed sinkholes (as opposed, say, to the collapse of disused <b>mine</b> chambers) have been recorded in recent times. But, he points out, since extremes of&nbsp;sinkhole-affecting weather – long periods of drought, for example, followed by spells <b>of</b> unusually heavy and persistent rain – <b>are</b> widely predicted <b>to</b> become more frequent as&nbsp;the Earth's <b>climate</b> <b>changes,</b> "we&nbsp;would certainly expect there to be&nbsp;more sinkholes in the future". <b>It&nbsp;could</b> be only a matter of time before&nbsp;Britain buries a Jeff Bush.Natural<br> disasters and extreme weatherGeologyFloridaUnited StatesGeographyJon<br> &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More <b>Feeds</b> Nathan Sturgis scored<br><img src=""><br> in the 47th minute, <b>and</b> Clint Irwin had his sixth shutout of the season for Colorado, which last <b>lost</b> at home to the Red Bulls <b>on</b> July 8, 2007.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> A coming exhibition at the Morgan Library & Museum focuses on drawings by Matthew Barney; public art exhibitions resume at Rockefeller Center with a series of figures by Ugo Rondinone.<br> The Culture Project’s main <b>stage</b> theater will be named after the British actress, who performed there several times. The chef and author of the “What I’m <b>Drinking</b> Now” minicolumn shares the books he finds illuminating and who his favorite working writer is.<br> A Tennessee man has been charged with attempting to extort $1 million in digital currency in a <b>scheme</b> involving former presidential candidate Mitt Romney's (R) tax returns.<br> The Justice Department charged Michael Mancil Brown, 34, with six <b>counts</b> of wire fraud and six counts of extortion. Read full article &#62;&#62;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez had been fighting cancer for two years when he died this afternoon at age 58, but some Venezuelans -- including new President Nicolas Maduro -- are convinced foul play is to blame. Read full article &#62;&#62; Decision follows concerns raised in <b>Germany</b> after recent studies associating starch drips with greater risk of <b>mortality</b> or injuryThe use <b>of</b> starch drips to treat low blood volume <b>and</b> steep drops in blood pressure in UK hospitals has been suspended amid concerns over their safety.The benefits of the treatment, thought to be used on tens of thousands of British patients each year, no longer outweigh the risks, according to the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory <b>Agency.<br></b> The watchdog's decision has been backed by intensive care specialists.Salt-based drips are being recommended as an alternative for circulation support during surgery and to treat critically <b>ill</b> <b>patients</b> with burns, trauma injuries and the bacterial blood infection known as sepsis.The<br> German-based multinationals B Braun and Fresenius Kabi are recalling all UK stock of <b>starch</b> drips.<br> The decision follows recommendations from European authorities, which were alerted to concerns from the German medicines agency after recent studies which associated them with a greater risk of mortality or injury.Sarah<br> Branch of the MHRA's vigilance and risk management division said: <b>"The</b> use of <b>these</b> types of drips has fallen in the last year because of published evidence which shows that there <b>is</b> an increased risk associated with the use of hydroxyethyl starch [HES] products compared with simple salt [crystalloid] solutions."Having considered the available evidence, and taken advice from <b>the</b> Commission on Human Medicines, we have decided to suspend their use in the UK."Julian Bion, the dean of the Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine said: "The decision to suspend <b>the</b> use of HES products, and the recommendation to use<br><img src=""><br> <b>crystalloid</b> solutions for fluid resuscitation, are supported by the Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine, the Intensive Care <b>Society</b> <b>and</b> the Royal College of Anaesthetists.<br> We have issued <b>a</b> position statement and guidance for our members on our respective websites."The MHRA also revealed that its officials, working with local police and the Border Force, had seized counterfeit and unlicensed medicines worth £12.2m<br> in the UK as part of a worldwide crackdown co-ordinated by Interpol.<br> The haul included more than 3.7m<br> doses of unlicensed medicines.<br> Supposed treatments <a href = "">natural vitiligo treatment </a> hair loss and erectile dysfunction <b>were</b> found.NHSMedical researchHealthJames<br> &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.<br> All rights reserved.<br> <b>|</b> Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; International body increases protection <b>for</b> several <b>endangered</b> species at Bangkok meeting KABUL - The acting chief financial officer and other Pakistani employees of Kabul Bank have fled Afghanistan amid an investigation into the scope of the bank's reckless <b>lending</b> and allegations that <b>its</b> shareholders paid large bribes to many senior Afghan officials, according to Afghan officials ... Air travelers had a tough <b>year</b> getting to their destinations on <b>time</b> -- and with bags in hand. Jem Cohen’s film “Museum Hours,” about a <b>tourist</b> and <b>a</b> gallery guard in Vienna, addresses the bond and solace found through art and communion.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; UNITED NATIONS — Lakhdar Brahimi, the U.N.-Arab<br> League envoy for Syria, has informed senior U.N.<br> diplomats that he intends to <b>resign</b> in the coming weeks, marking the end of another doomed U.N. diplomatic effort to end <b>a</b><br><img src=""><br> bloody civil war that has left over 70,000 dead, according to U.N.-based diplomats. Read <b>full</b> article &#62;&#62;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; • Málaga have signed Manchester City's Roque Santa <b>Cruz</b> • Southampton's Vegard Forren heads back to MoldeBony to Swansea City Swansea City have signed<br><img src=""><br> the Vitesse Arnhem striker Wilfried Bony for a club record £12m, more than doubling their previous<br><img src=""><br> <b>outlay</b> on a single player. Bony, an <b>Ivory</b> Coast international, has signed a four-year contract with the Premier League side having passed a medical, although the move is still subject to work-permit <b>clearance.<br></b> The 24-year-old scored 36 goals in 36 matches for Vitesse last season, winning the Dutch player of the year award, and said Swansea's participation in the Europa League was a key factor in <b>his</b> decision to move.<br> "The Europa League is my first focus," said Bony. "I watched Swansea a lot last season on TV. I appreciate the style, which is similar to the Dutch way, and I think being at Swansea will help me develop as <b>a</b> player.<br> I believe it's the right step <b>for</b> me; the perfect move.<br> I had a lot of offers from all across the world, including England, France, Ukraine, Russia and the UAE." James RiachThiago to Bayern Munich Manchester United appear to have missed out <b>on</b> their No1 summer transfer target, Thiago Alcântara, <b>after</b> reports that Bayern Munich have agreed a deal with the Barcelona midfielder. <b>Pep</b> Guardiola, who oversaw Thiago's development when in charge at Barcelona, made his <b>play</b> for the 22-year-old on Thursday.<br> According <b>to</b> reports in Italy, where Bayern are training, the Spaniard will sign a four-year deal with the European champions. Jamie JacksonWanyama to Southampton Southampton have signed the <b>midfielder</b> Victor Wanyama from Celtic for a <b>Scottish</b> record <b>fee</b> of £12.5m.<br> The Kenyan midfielder has agreed a four-year deal with the south-coast club, having spent two years in the SPL following his £900,000 move from the Belgian side Beerschot.<br> Cardiff <b>City</b> also lodged a bid for the 22 year-old but that offer was rejected. StaffForren to Molde Southampton have sold Vegard Forren back to his former club Molde six months after signing him. <b>The</b> 25-year-old Norway international was linked with Liverpool and Everton before joining Saints for £3.5m.<br> Forren was Southampton's only signing during the January window – on a three-and-a-half-year deal. <b>However,</b> the defender <b>did</b> not impress the Southampton manager, Mauricio Pochettino and failed to make a single first-team appearance for the Saints. PAPeruzzi to Sunderland The Argentinian full-back Gino Peruzzi will not head for Sunderland until Sunday to complete his transfer. Vélez Sarsfield <b>said</b><br><img src=""><br> originally that the 21-year-old<br><img src=""><br> would fly <b>to</b> Wearside to finalise<br><img src=""><br> the transfer; however, talks have now been put<br><img src=""><br> back until the weekend.<br> The Black Cats are also closing in on Juventus's Italy <b>midfielder</b> Emanuele Giaccherini with manager Antonio Conte having told reporters he is leaving to help ease the financial burden on the club. <b>PASanta</b> Cruz to Málaga Málaga have signed the striker Roque Santa Cruz on a three-year contract, following his successful <b>loan</b> spell at the club last season, from Manchester City.<br> The 31-year-old Paraguay <b>international</b> helped Málaga reach the quarter-finals <b>of</b> the Champions League. APBendtner to Frankfurt Nicklas Bendtner's move to Eintracht Frankfurt has been cast into serious doubt after the Bundesliga club's chairman described the striker as "not a realistic prospect".<br> The Arsenal forward had been expected to agree a deal with Frankfurt after travelling to Germany for contract talks this week. He has spent the last two seasons <b>away</b> from north London on <b>loan</b> at Sunderland and Juventus but Bendtner's mooted £3m switch is now at risk.<br><br><img src=",xcitefun-lovely-birds-5.jpg"><br> <a href = "">aquaponics 4 you </a> &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.<br><br><img src=""><br> All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; PORT AU PRINCE - The difference between life and death in Haiti is now an ordinary bar of soap. The organizers <b>of</b> the European Fine Art Fair are in talks with Sotheby’s about holding a high-end art and antiques fair in China.<br> Maria Zuber, a <b>pioneer</b> in space exploration who <b>has</b> made seminal breakthroughs in understanding solar system planets and their evolution, is the <b>recipient</b> of MIT’s James R.<br> Killian Jr. Faculty Achievement Award for 2012-13. The announcement was made at a meeting of <b>the</b><br><img src=""><br> MIT faculty earlier this <b></b> month. The award, established in 1971 to honor the Institute’s 10th president, recognizes extraordinary professional <b>achievements</b> by an MIT faculty member.<br> Each year, candidates for the award are <b>nominated</b> by their peers,<br><img src=""><br> and a winner is chosen by a faculty committee. Zuber, the E.A. Griswold Professor of Geophysics in the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences (EAPS), has spent much of her career charting new <b>territory</b> in planetary science, spearheading missions to map planetary bodies within the <b>solar</b> system in unprecedented detail. Such maps have revealed <b>new</b> information about the composition <b>and</b> atmosphere<br><img src=""><br> of Mercury, Mars, <b>and</b> the moon. Robert Gibbons, chair of the award <b>selection</b> committee and Sloan Distinguished Professor of Management, read the award citation, which describes Zuber as <b>“a</b> true MIT success story.” Zuber was born in Pennsylvania, where she grew up in a family of coal miners.<br> She was the first in her <b>family</b> to earn a college degree, and the first graduate of her high school to receive a PhD, according to the award citation.<br> Zuber completed her doctoral work at Brown University, and went on to serve as a research scientist at NASA and a faculty member at Johns Hopkins University before joining the MIT faculty in 1995.<br> Zuber’s “breakthrough moment” came with her involvement in the Clementine space project — a mission to launch a spacecraft to <b>observe</b> the moon and surrounding asteroids. She led the analysis of data from the mission, and generated the first reliable topographic map of the moon.<br> Her work established a <b>new</b> way to quantitatively analyze geophysical data, which has since become the standard <b>in</b> planetary mapping throughout the world. Zuber will soon generate even more detailed maps of the moon with GRAIL, the Gravity and Interior Laboratory, a mission she conceived and leads. On Sept. 10, 2011, the mission’s twin probes, named Ebb and Flow, launched to the moon, and have since been orbiting and mapping the moon’s gravitational field in unprecedented detail. The maps generated by the probes <b>will</b> enable scientists to determine the moon’s interior composition and its thermal history.<br> The mission will also play a key role in enabling safe lunar landings in the future.<br> “[Zuber’s] inspired leadership of a huge team over many years at NASA’s Jet<br><img src=""><br> Propulsion Laboratory brought this multi-hundred-million-dollar mission to success — within budget and on <b>schedule,”</b> the citation read. “This rare feat is widely recognized in NASA circles as a tour de force.”In addition to her significant <b>contributions</b> to planetary science, Zuber has also had a strong influence within MIT.<br> As EAPS department head, she was an enthusiastic mentor; the number of women faculty within the department <b>more</b> than doubled during her tenure.<br>  “I'd have <b>to</b> say that the Killian Award <b>is</b> the <b>most</b> meaningful honor I've ever received because it comes from <b></b> my colleagues, <b>and</b> they have extraordinarily high standards,” Zuber says.<br> “It is beyond humbling to be singled out. I view the award as a celebration of the large teams <b>of</b> collaborators and students with whom I've worked throughout my career.”Zuber’s<br> work <b>has</b> <b>earned</b> numerous other honors and distinctions, including the G.K. Gilbert Award of the Geological Society of America, the Carl Sagan <b>Memorial</b> <b>Award</b> presented by the American Astronautical Society and the Planetary Society, <b>and</b> membership in the National Academy of Sciences.  “Professor Zuber’s leadership and dedication have resulted in a change to scientists’ basic understanding of the interior structure, thermal evolution and geologic history of Mars, the moon and asteroids,” the citation read.  One of Zuber’s nominators writes, “Her towering stature as a fundamental scientist, an expert in the technology of the instrumentation, and a keen and efficient manager have made her a <b>NASA</b> legend in her own

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