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Bucks readers discuss whether their <b>credit</b> scores have been hurt by medical bills.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> Mothers want to indulge themselves and at the same <b>time</b> bond with their girls.Evernote is <b>speeding</b> up its plans to offer two-factor authentication to users following a recent data breach that exposed user names, email addresses and encrypted passwords.<br> Jim O’Neil, who as chief of United Kingdom Financial Investments has been in charge of the British government’s stakes in two bailed-out <b>banks,</b> will rejoin Bank of America Merrill Lynch.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Researchers working to design new materials that are durable, <b>lightweight</b> and environmentally <b>sustainable</b> are <b>increasingly</b> looking to natural composites, such as bone, for inspiration: <b>Bone</b> is strong and tough because its two constituent materials, soft collagen protein and stiff hydroxyapatite mineral, are arranged in complex hierarchical patterns that change at every<br><img src=""><br> scale of the composite, from the micro up to the macro.<br> While researchers have come <b>up</b> with hierarchical structures in the design of new materials, going from a computer model to the production of physical artifacts has been a persistent challenge. This is because the hierarchical structures that give natural composites their strength are self-assembled through electrochemical reactions, a process not easily replicated in the lab.Now researchers at MIT have developed an approach that allows them to turn their designs into reality.<br> In just a <b>few</b> hours, they can move <b>directly</b> from a multiscale computer model of a synthetic material to the creation of physical samples.In a paper published online June 17 in Advanced Functional Materials, associate professor Markus Buehler of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and co-authors describe their <b>approach.</b> Using computer-optimized designs of soft and stiff polymers placed in geometric patterns that replicate nature’s own patterns, and a 3-D <b>printer</b> that prints with two polymers at once, the team produced samples of synthetic materials that have fracture behavior similar to bone. One of the <b>synthetics</b> <b>is</b> <b>22</b> times more fracture-resistant than its strongest constituent material, a feat achieved by altering its hierarchical design. Two are stronger than oneThe collagen in bone is too soft and <b>stretchy</b> to <b>serve</b> as a structural material, and the mineral hydroxyapatite is brittle and prone to fracturing. Yet when the two combine, they form a remarkable composite capable of providing skeletal support for the human body. The <b>hierarchical</b> patterns help bone withstand <b>fracturing</b> by dissipating energy and distributing damage over a larger area, rather than letting the material fail at a single point. <b>“The</b> geometric patterns we <b>used</b> in the synthetic materials are based on those seen in natural materials like bone or nacre, but also include new designs that do not exist in nature,” says Buehler, who has done extensive research on the molecular structure and fracture behavior of biomaterials. His co-authors are graduate students Leon Dimas and Graham Bratzel, and Ido Eylon of the 3-D printer manufacturer Stratasys.<br> “As engineers we are no longer limited to the natural patterns. We can design our own, which may perform even better than the ones that already <b>exist.”<br></b> The researchers created three synthetic composite materials, each of which is one-eighth inch thick and about 5-by-7 inches in size. The <b>first</b> sample simulates the mechanical properties of bone <b>and</b> nacre (also known as mother of pearl). This synthetic has a microscopic pattern that looks like a staggered brick-and-mortar wall: A soft black polymer works as the mortar, <a href = "">trademiner </a> stiff<br><img src=""><br> blue polymer forms the bricks. Another composite simulates the <b>mineral</b> calcite, with an inverted brick-and-mortar <b>pattern</b> featuring soft bricks enclosed in stiff polymer<br><img src=""><br> cells. The third composite has a diamond pattern resembling snakeskin. This one was tailored specifically to improve upon one aspect of bone’s ability to shift and spread damage.A step toward ‘metamaterials’The team confirmed <b>the</b> accuracy of this approach by putting the samples through a series of tests to see <b>if</b> the new materials fracture in the <b>same</b> way as their computer-simulated counterparts. The samples passed the tests, <b>validating</b> the entire process and proving the efficacy and accuracy of the <b>computer-optimized</b> design. As predicted, the bonelike material <b>proved</b> to be the toughest overall.  “Most importantly, the experiments confirmed the computational prediction of the bonelike specimen exhibiting the largest fracture resistance,” says Dimas, who is the first author <b>of</b> <b>the</b> paper. “And we managed to <b>manufacture</b> a <b>composite</b> with a fracture resistance more than 20 times larger than its strongest constituent.”<br> “This research is a wonderful example of how 3-D printing can be used to fabricate complex architectures that emulate those found in nature,” says Jennifer Lewis, the Hansjörg Wyss Professor of Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University. “The power of integrating design, computational modeling and 3-D assembly will only <b>be</b> fully realized when these tools are combined to generate entirely new ‘metamaterials’ — in other <b>words,</b> ones that today do not exist in either engineered or biological forms.<br> This work represents an important step toward this objective.”According to Buehler, the process could be scaled up to provide a cost-effective means <b>of</b> manufacturing materials that consist of two or more constituents, arranged in patterns of any variation imaginable and tailored for specific functions in different parts of a structure. He hopes that eventually entire buildings might <b>be</b> printed with optimized materials that incorporate electrical circuits, plumbing and energy harvesting. “The possibilities seem endless, as we are just beginning to push the limits of the kind of geometric features and material combinations we can <b>print,”</b> Buehler says. The work was funded by the U.S. Army Research Office. <b>Bike-sharing</b> program <b>creates</b> a parade of shoes across New York City.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> Imposing 'wilding' <b>agenda</b> in the Cambrians is akin to ripping out the living, beating heart of the Welsh language and cultureWednesday is market day in Machynlleth, as it has been for 722 years. Walk down the town's main street on market day and among the dozens of stalls selling everything <b>from</b> organic courgettes to army surplus gear, you will hear a dizzy array of <b>accents:</b> Welsh, <b>Brummie,</b> Mancunian, home counties, cockney, some quite hard to place.<br> Often too, you'll <b>hear</b> snatches of the Welsh language, but the predominant tongue by far is English.The diversity of accents at the local<br><img src=""><br> sheep market, tucked away almost symbolically behind rows of<br><img src=""><br> houses to the north of the town, <b>is</b> also broad, but with one clear difference: these are the many dialects <b>of</b> Cymraeg, the Welsh language.<br> Here, it is spoken English that is in a tiny minority.In a place just a couple of hours <b>from</b> the heartland of the most expansionist linguistic culture in history, the continuation of an ancient language and culture may seem puzzling, but the fact that this persistence is strongest among those families <b>who</b> have farmed the Cambrian Mountains for thousands of years certainly isn't. <a href = "">vitiligo treatment </a> world, it is within agricultural and hunter gatherer communities that traditions and languages persist the most. And within<br><img src=""><br> our farming community the Welsh language and culture is not just stronger; it is,<br><img src=""><br> to all intents and purposes, universal.George<br> Monbiot is apparently appalled by the insinuation that replacing agriculture in the Cambrians with a 'wilded' environment, where locals <b>derive</b> an income from tourism, would be akin <b>to</b> the displacement of Native Americans to create Yellowstone National Park. What is truly appalling is that he does not recognise the analogy.Appalling, but sadly not shocking: over the past half century we have witnessed the arrival of countless<br><img src=""><br> rat-race refugees and environmental fundamentalists, all determined to reconnect with rural life and nature, seemingly oblivious to the fact that their new-found paradise is already occupied by people whose connection with the land is deep rooted, dates back thousands of years, and is embedded in their language and culture.While many quickly recognise reality and become <b>genuine</b> and welcome members of the community, others hide themselves away among the English ex-pat community, busying themselves with sorting out the world's <b>problems,</b> usually starting on their <b>own</b> doorsteps.Mike<br> Parker, an Englishman 'gone native', summarises the position perfectly in Neighbours <b>from</b> Hell?, his book about English attitudes to the Welsh:"Never underestimate the zeal <b>of</b> the convert … they arrive in rural, Welsh-speaking Wales, fired up with a righteous sense of 'doing the right thing'<br><img src=""><br> in their environmental work, and nothing is allowed to dent that.<br> Underpinning many of <b>these</b> <b>attitudes</b> is a deep-rooted certainty … that they have far <b>more</b> to teach the Welsh than <b>the</b> other way around."Perhaps it is the language barrier, or some similar harmless <b>obstacle</b> or misunderstanding which creates this attitude, but it <b>has</b> the distinct aura of <b>plain</b> old <b>fashioned</b> English colonialism <b>–</b> only with the quinine replaced by camomile tea, and a new, written form of gun-boat diplomacy.It's all stuff we are used to here, so why the particular anger among the Welsh about George Monbiot's wilding articles and book?Aside from the fact that wilding would destroy a <b>host</b> of sites of special scientific interest, what is most offensive is the way in which reality is twisted to vilify those people and practices which must be displaced in order to create the <b>wild</b> Wales of English romantic <b>myth.To<br></b> this end, a landscape is portrayed where "…towers of smoke ...[rise]…<br> from the hills as the farmers burn tracts of gorse and trees in order to claim more public money". And as if the battalion of EU-funded pyromaniac farmers seeking to "… expand the area eligible for … subsidy" [1] wasn't destructive enough, they are accompanied <b>by</b> an infantry of sheep which lay waste to everything the flames have failed to destroy.Powerful images, but as much a work of fiction as the felling of Fangorn Forest by Saruman and his Orcs: sheep have been <b>farmed</b> in Wales for thousands of years, while area payments were <b>introduced</b> in 2005 – the same year in which Good<br><img src=""><br> Agricultural and Environmental Condition (GAEC) rules were introduced and the area eligible for<br><img src=""><br> payments was fixed.So what impact <b>has</b> this alleged 'slash-and-burn-then-graze' policy "perfectly <b>designed</b> <b>…</b> for maximum ecological <b>destruction",</b> had? Miraculously, since GAEC was introduced in 2005 it has resulted in a doubling of the amount of woodland on Welsh upland farms, and a 65% <a href = "">tinnitus miracle pdf </a> <b>the</b> same across Wales as a whole.During<br> the same period, Welsh sheep numbers fell by around 20%, while studies of stocking numbers <b>in</b> vast areas of the Cambrian Mountains suggest that sheep numbers have peaked and troughed, but on the whole changed little, or diminished, over the past century.Of<br> course, it stands to reason that overgrazing can have a range of damaging impacts, but equally intuitive is the <b>damage</b> caused by the complete removal of herbivores, domestic or otherwise, which have been present for thousands of years – hence the<br><img src=""><br> RSPB's conclusion <b>(pdf)</b> that "… undergrazing and loss<br><img src=""><br> of <b>vegetation</b> structure is now occurring in some areas, with adverse impacts for some species such as golden plover and other waders."Not<br><img src=""><br> surprisingly, <b>Monbiot's</b> proposed <b>changes</b> to the CAP would render the businesses which undertake such grazing unviable – farms which despite having average incomes of the order <b>of</b> £21,000, nevertheless input the best part of £100,000<br><img src=""><br> into the rural economy each year specifically because they <b>farm</b> sheep.Given that agriculture is estimated to support over 10% of full time employees in Wales (pdf), the implications of any proposals for change <b>need</b> to be carefully considered, especially <b>when</b> they have a <b>wilding</b> in mind, which rural economists generally regard with extreme scepticism.Finally, academic ponderings aside, what would the impacts be for my own children and their classmates? A quick head-count reveals that of the 46 children in their classes, 67% Welsh as a first language, of whom<br><img src=""><br> <b>39%</b> are from sheep farming families, and <b>75%</b> <b>are</b> reliant, to varying degrees, on sheep farming.Wild?<br> No; we are completely livid.•<br> Nick Fenwick <b>is</b> the director of agriculture policy, Farmers' Union of Wales.<br> He's also the English translator of 'A portrait of <b>Machynlleth</b> and its surroundings'MountainsFarmingWalesWildlifeRural<br> &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of <b>this</b> content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The rules, proposed by the Financial Accounting Standards<br><img src=""><br> Board, would<br><img src=""><br> expand the number of<br><img src=""><br> companies that are considered insurers.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The monstrous, horrible Tiger Mother has reportedly entered the building, and the audience <b>is</b> getting restless. Ask MIT Leaders <b>for</b> Global Operations (LGO) alumna Mary Anito how she would describe <b>an</b> engineer and it would no doubt capture your <b>attention.“An</b> engineer is someone who is always up for creative problem solving. <b>They</b> get to meet people from all over the world <b>and</b> share knowledge back and forth,” she says, adding, “It’s a fun, <b>challenging</b> and lucrative career.” An honest definition from someone with experience in the field and <b>someone</b> who loves what she does.If<br> the <b>feeling</b> is contagious, that’s exactly what Anito wants. The goal of <b>the</b> 27-year-old is to engage <b>young</b> women in math, science and technology so that more women will choose to enter those fields.<br> Her first experience trying to get <b>this</b> message out was during her time at Cisco from 2007 to 2010. She became involved in the Massachusetts-wide program known as the Digits Campaign. The goal was to place a science, technology, engineering or math (STEM) professional in every sixth-grade classroom to serve as inspiration and as role models. Through Cisco, she also became involved in the <b>Girls</b> in Technology Day at the Museum of Science where she was a speaker.While at LGO, Mary earned her MBA at the MIT Sloan <a href = "">forex growth bot </a> Management and her SM in the Department of Mechanical <b>Engineering.<br></b> During her time at LGO, she learned of the MIT Women’s Initiative, a program that began through collaborative efforts between Microsoft and MIT’s <b>National</b> Honor Society for<br><img src=""><br> Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Eta Kappa Nu (HKN). Microsoft challenged HKN to address the lack of women in engineering studies.Anito was selected to partake in the program and spent a week in both Anchorage, Alaska, and Chicago, Ill.,<br> where she shared her passion for engineering <b>by</b> engaging the students in classroom projects, presentations <b>and</b> <b>real-life</b> problem-solving from her experiences working in the <b>field.</b> Anito feels compelled to <b>reach</b> out to girls at this age because she says that it is between the sixth and eighth grades <b>when</b> children, especially <b>young</b> women, begin to disengage from science and math. She says that it is<br><img src=""><br> important to spark their <b>interest</b> and <b>get</b> them thinking about those disciplines in new, exciting ways.Anito says that she has been involved with educating young women for years — from tutoring in high school to getting involved in<br><img src=""><br> her current outreach programs.<br> Her future short-term goals are to assume the role of Chief Sustainability Officer for a company — <b>monitoring</b> the production of goods with minimal impact to the environment — <b>and,</b> later, CEO of a company.Though<br> she has traveled from Switzerland to Uganda in<br><img src=""><br> addition to most of the United States, her future may lie, she says, in the state she grew up in — New York. She talks of someday wanting to run for governor with a platform of bridging the gap between technology and policy, a step she says that is needed <b>to</b> help define a strategy for the United States to ensure a successful future. In that position, one of her goals would be to put more <b>resources</b> behind elementary schools through grassroots, community-based organizations that encourage girls and young women to become more involved in science, technology and engineering — fields that are desperately needed in order for this country to continue competing and thriving, Anito says. The three co-founders<br><img src=""><br> of the Carlyle Group received $57.3<br> million each last year from dividends issued by the newly public company, <b>according</b> to regulatory filings released Thursday. Founders David M.<br> Rubenstein, Daniel A. D’Aniello and William E.<br> Conway, Jr., also earned a $275,000 <b>salary,</b> according to regulatory filings.<br> The trio <b>declined</b> bonuses last <b>year,</b> although they each received more than $3 million in bonuses in 2011.<br> Read full article &#62;&#62; The unmanned Russian Progress 51 rocket begins its cargo mission to the International Space Station&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Black Rebel Motorcycle Club know how to set a mood <b>the</b> Los Angeles trio created an air of foreboding[...] Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani student who was shot in the head by <b>the</b> Taliban after speaking out for<br><img src=""><br> education rights for girls, spoke to the U.N. Youth <b>Assembly</b> on her 16th birthday on Friday.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> After more than a<br><img src=""><br> <b>year</b> of public pressure from consumer advocates and concerned parents, the Food and Drug Administration said Friday it will set new limits on the level of arsenic <b>allowed</b> in apple juice, matching those currently permitted in drinking water. Read full article &#62;&#62;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Neil Moffitt, who leads <b>a</b> company that is a powerhouse in<br><img src=""><br> Las Vegas night life, speaks about <b>dance</b> music and other topics.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> After becoming sweethearts in <a href = "">aquaponics-4-you </a> Claire Lieberman and Nicholas Keefe made a pact to remain <b>a</b> couple though <b>they</b> were attending different colleges. Government troops <b>attack</b> pro-democracy demonstrators <b>in</b> defiance of U.S.<br> warnings. Kyle Okposo's first career playoff goal with 7:37 remaining lifted the New York Islanders to a 4-3 victory over the Pittsburgh Penguins on Friday night, evening their playoffs series at one <b>game</b> each.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Three new picture books structured around the unusual characteristics of wombats, bears and sloths.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Mental health experts say older adults are seeking <b>psychological</b> help, even at advanced ages.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Owner and friend of stricken jockey speaks of 'lovely, lovely<br><img src=""><br> man', adding: 'Let's hope we have him back here next year'JT McNamara was the name on the lips of everyone connected with the sport at Cheltenham on Friday as the jockey was <b>reported</b> to be stable after surgery to the two neck vertebrae he fractured in a race on Thursday.<br> The winner's enclosure was an especially emotional place after the victory <b>of</b> At Fishers Cross, owned by JP McManus, a long‑standing friend and neighbour of McNamara, and trained by Rebecca Curtis, whose first Festival winner last year was ridden by him."He's a lovely, lovely man who never looks for a moment in the limelight," McManus said.<br> "I <b>think</b> we've had three Festival<br><img src=""><br> successes together and we've had some great nights and days <b>here.<br></b> He's a great horseman, outstanding. Let's hope we have him back here next year."Tony McCoy rode At Fishers <b>Cross,</b> his first winner at <b>the</b> end of a frustrating week, but said: "It pales into significance next to what happened here yesterday, whether I have a winner or not."<br> Cheltenham Festival 2013CheltenhamCheltenham FestivalHorse racingChris &copy; 2013 Guardian News <b>and</b><br><img src=""><br> Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.<br> | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds France’s highest court ruled Tuesday that a French Muslim woman was unjustly fired in 2008 for wearing a head scarf at work in a private child-care center in a <b>Paris</b> suburb. The MIT Forum for Supply Chain Innovation announced today that Flextronics (NASDAQ: FLEX), one of the world’s largest manufacturing and end-to-end supply chain solutions companies, has become a strategic sponsor of the Forum. “Flextronics is very pleased<br><img src=""><br> to become a<br><img src=""><br> strategic <b>sponsor</b> of the Forum and we look forward to bringing our industry insight and expertise to the Board, <b>including</b> solutions to help transform the<br><img src=""><br> U.S. manufacturing industry,” says David Mark SBEE ’81, SB ’82, chief strategy officer of Flextronics who has joined the Forum’s Manufacturing Technology Advisory Board.MIT Professor David Simchi-Levi, founder of the Forum, says, “Flextronics brings incredible industry perspective and expertise to the board and we thank Flextronics for their support and welcome <b>David</b> Mark, an MIT Alum, to the Forum and the Board.”The<br> Forum <b>also</b> announced <b>that</b> Mark will speak at the Forum’s March 28 conference, “Global Supply Chain <b>Strategy:</b> Outsourcing, Re-shoring and Near-Shoring,” at the MIT <b>Faculty</b> Club.The MIT Forum for Supply Chain Innovation is a community composed of academics and industry members whose support allows forum researchers <b>to</b> provide customer-focused solutions to design and manage the <b>new</b> supply chain.<br> The Forum has <b>pioneered</b> a deeper understanding of<br><img src=""><br> the supply chain and its relationship to corporate strategy and has broad support <b>from</b> a wide cross-section of industry.For <b>more</b> information, please contact:Leslie Sheppard,<br><img src=""><br> Chief <b>Strategy</b> OfficerEmail: Lsheppar@mit.eduTel:<br>

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